Spinal Cord Injury or SCI is defined as trauma to the spinal cord which results in some loss of function. Each year, over 12,000 people sustain Spinal Cord Injuries in the United States alone.
The Spinal Cord is a bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brain to waist. It is protected by the Spinal Column, which is made up of the cervical spine, thoracic spine and lumbar spine. Usually Spinal Cord Injuries are due to trauma to the Spinal Column, which then causes damage to the nerves within the Spinal Cord. The approximate location of most Spinal Cord Injuries are as follows:
- Cervical Spinal Cord Injury – 50%
- Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury – 30%
- Lumbar and Sacral Spinal Cord Injury – 20%
The Spinal Cord works with the Brain to send and receive signals which result in movement and sensation. Together, the Spinal Cord and the Brain make up the Central Nervous System. Damage to the Spinal Cord can disrupt the Central Nervous System, resulting in loss of movement, loss of function, and/or loss of sensation, usually at all levels below the location of the injury.
Types of Spinal Cord Injury
- Paraplegia – trauma to the Thoracic Spine, Lumbar Spine and/or Sacral Spine, resulting in the diminished ability or inability to use ones legs.
- Quadriplegia or Tetraplegia – trauma to the Cervical Spine resulting in diminished ability or inability of movement and function of the arms and legs
- Paralysis – the total loss of movement or feeling in a muscle or muscle group
Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury
Unfortunately, Spinal Cord nerves are unable to regenerate themselves. However, with advancements in technology and medicine, scientists and physicians are optimistic in looking towards the future of Spinal Cord Injury treatment as well as improvements in the quality of life for survivors of Spinal Cord Injuries. For more information be sure to visit the National Spinal Cord Injury Association (NSCIA). Attorney Rozek has been a proud member and supporter of the NSCIA for 10 years.
Contact an Experienced Wisconsin Spinal Cord Injury Attorney
All too often people suffer Spinal Cord Injuries as a result of the carelessness of another. It is critical that these Spinal Cord Injury victims have an attorney that understands Spinal Cord Injury and the future costs associated with living with this often disabling condition.