Wrist Injury Lawyer in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wrist Injury Attorney Milwaukee, Wisconsin – The Wrist is the connection between the forearm (Radius & Ulna bones) and the hand. The Wrist consists of several bones, two joints, and numerous ligaments, tendons, and muscles. The large number of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles within the Wrist, all in a very concentrated area, make the Wrist very susceptible to injury from trauma.
A Joint is the connection between two or more bones. The two Joints of the Wrist are the following:
- Radiocarpal Joint – also known as the Wrist Joint
- Distal Radioulnar Joint – the joint forming the union between the ulnar bone and Wrist
The Joints within the Wrist, as with all joints of the human body, are susceptible to injury from trauma.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin Wrist Injury Attorney
Bones of the Wrist
The bones of the Wrist are all susceptible to Fracture from trauma. The trauma may be direct, such as blunt trauma during a Car Accident, or indirect, such as Falling and catching oneself with one’s hand. The bones within the Wrist are considered to be Carpal Bones.
The Carpal Bones of the Wrist consist of the following:
A. Hamate Bone
B. Triquetrum Bone
C. Pisiform Bone
D. Trapezoid Bone
E. Trapezium Bone
F. Capitate Bone
G. Scaphoid Bone
H. Lunate Bone
Types of Fractures of the Wrist
All Wrist Fractures are either Complete Wrist Fractures or Incomplete Wrist Fractures . A Complete Wrist Fracture means that the bone is cracked all of the way through the bone. An Incomplete Wrist Fracture means the crack of the bone does not go all of the way through the bone.
A Comminuted Wrist Fracture is one in which the bone has broken into a number of different pieces.
The most common type of Wrist Fracture is a Scaphoid Bone Fracture, which may heal on its own in 4-8 weeks. However, if there is Non-Union of the Scaphoid, then casting or surgery may be required to properly allow the Scaphoid to join together.
A Distal Radius Fracture or Colles Fracture is actually a break at the Radius Bone as it enters the Wrist.
Treatment for a Broken Wrist
Uncomplicated Wrist Fractures can be treated by Reduction (putting the bone back in place), Casting (putting a cast over the Wrist) and Immobilization (using a sling or other device to prevent movement) of the Wrist. Surgery is often necessary to repair more serious Wrist Fractures, oftentimes, utilizing metal plates and screws during surgery to increase stabilization to the Broken Wrist. An Open Reduction with Internal Fixation means the site of the injury is opened by a surgeon, who then puts the bone back in place, removes any identifiable bone fragments and installs a metal plate and screws to repair the Wrist Fracture.
Prognosis for a Broken Wrist
The severity and type of the Wrist Fracture will determine the ultimate prognosis. Wrist Fractures commonly result in some type of permanent impairment, oftentimes with accompanying pain, limitation in range of motion and functional loss.
Wrist Dislocation Injury
Wrist Dislocation Injuries are rare types of Wrist Injuries. The most common cause of Wrist Dislocations is falling onto an outstretched hand with rotation of the hand. Wrist Dislocations are often accompanied by a Fracture to at least one of the bones within the Wrist.
Treatment of Wrist Dislocations
The proper course of treatment following Wrist Dislocation is typically Reduction, which is the process of forcing the bones into proper alignment. Reduction can be extremely painful and requires a significant amount of force. Once the Wrist is back in proper alignment, X-rays are taken to determine the extent of any associated Wrist Fractures. The Wrist is then typically casted and the injury victim is required to return in a few days for follow-up X-rays. Wrist Dislocations may or may not result in permanent wrist joint instability, loss of range of motion, weakness and ongoing pain.
Wrist Muscle, Wrist Tendon and Wrist Ligament Injuries
The Wrist contains a complex network of ligaments, tendons, joints, muscles, arteries, veins, nerves and blood vessels.
The main Wrist Ligaments are as follows:
- Ulnar Collateral Ligament
- Transverse Carpal Ligament
- Radial Collateral Ligament
- Scapholunate Ligament
- Lunotriquetral Ligament
- Volar Ligaments
The following are common soft-tissue injuries to the Wrist:
- Sprain – a stretch or tear to the Wrist ligaments (fibers connecting one bone to another bone)
- Strain – a stretch or tear to the Wrist tendons (fibers connecting the muscles to the bones)
- Rupture – a complete tear of an Wrist ligament or Wrist tendon
Wrist Sprains and Wrist Strains are classified in order of severity as follows:
- Grade I Wrist Sprain or Wrist Strain
- Grade II Wrist Sprain or Wrist Strain
- Grade III Wrist Sprain or Wrist Strain
It is important to keep in mind that Sprains and Strains are stretches or tears of the Wrist Ligaments, Wrist Tendons or Wrist Muscles. While many Wrist Sprains and Wrist Strains do heal with time, they may not heal completely. Although the damage may be microscopic and may not visible on current imaging techniques such as MRI, this does not mean that Wrist Sprains and Wrist Strains may not result in serious and severe pain and permanent impairment.
Treatment of Wrist Tendon, Wrist Ligament and Wrist Muscle Injuries
The treatment of Wrist Injuries is largely dependent on the specific injury sustained. The different types of treatment can include the following:
- Physical Therapy
- Massage Therapy
- Corticosteriod Injections
- Pain Medication and Muscle Relaxants
Contact an Experienced Wisconsin Wrist Injury Attorney
Each year innocent victims suffer Wisconsin Wrist Injuries as a result of the carelessness of another. It is critical that Wrist Injury victims have an attorney that understands Wrist Injuries and the potential ongoing problems that can result from Wrist Fractures, Wrist Tendon Injuries and Wrist Ligament Injuries.
If you or a loved one has sustained an Wrist Injury due to the negligence of another, be sure to contact an experienced Wisconsin Wrist Injury Attorney.